Conserves and preserves (fruit preserved in sugar) eventually became their own type of food; typically paired toast or spread between cookies and cakes.
In New Amersterdam one could enjoy "marchpane," or "marzipan," which is very old decorative candy made from almonds ground into a sweet paste.
While the British called such confections, "sweetmeats," Americans came to call "candy," from the Arabic qandi, "made of sugar," although one finds "candy" in English as early as the fifteenth century...
Food historians propose the first sweets were consumed as a sort of medical treatment for digestive troubles.
Today's cough drops and peppermint sticks descend from this tradition.
As time and technology progressed, so did the art of confectionery.